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res. abbreviation 1 research. 2 reserve. 3 residence. 4 resolution.
reserve (abbreviation res) verb (reserved, reserving) 1 to keep something back or set it aside for future use, for the use of a particular person, or for some particular purpose. 2 to keep or retain something for oneself. 3 to book or order (eg a hotel room, a table in a restaurant, etc) in advance. 4 (especially reserve judgement) to delay or postpone (a legal judgement, taking a decision, etc). noun 1 something kept back or set aside, epecially for future use or possible need. 2 the state or condition of being reserved or an act of reserving. 3 a an area of land set aside for a particular purpose, especially for the protection of wildlife a nature reserve; b an area of land set aside for occupation by a particular people; a reservation. 4 Austral, NZ a public park. 5 coolness, distance or restraint of manner; diffidence or reticence. 6 sport a an extra player or participant who can take another's place if needed; a substitute; b (usually the reserves) the second or reserve team playing for the reserves. 7 (also reserves) military a part of an army or force kept out of immediate action to provide reinforcements when needed; b forces in addition to a nation's regular armed services, not usually in service but that may be called upon if necessary; c a member of such a force; a reservist. 8 (often reserves) finance a company's money or assets, or a country's gold and foreign currency, held at a bank to meet future liabilities. 9 (usually reserves) a supply of eg oil, gas, coal, etc, known to be present in a particular region and as yet unexploited. 10 (usually reserves) extra physical or mental power, energies, stamina, etc that can be drawn upon in a difficult or extreme situation reserves of strength. 11 a reserve price. 12 in a competition, show, etc: a a distinction awarded to an exhibit, etc, which shows that it will be given a prize if another is disqualified; b the exhibit, etc that receives this distinction. Also as adj a reserve supply. without reserve fully, or without reservations or restrictions; frankly.
ETYMOLOGY: 14c: from French réserver, from Latin reservare to keep something back.
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