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wake1 verb (woke , woken , waking) 1 (also wake someone up or wake up) tr & intr a to rouse or be roused from sleep; b to stir or be stirred out of a state of inactivity or lethargy, etc. 2 intrans to stay awake at night; to keep watch or stay vigilant. 3 to disturb (eg a night or silence, etc) with noise. noun 1 a watch or vigil kept beside a corpse. 2 dialect an annual holiday. 3 historical the feast of the dedication of a church, formerly kept by watching all night. waking noun, adj.
ETYMOLOGY: Anglo-Saxon wacan to become awake, and wacian to stay awake.
wake up or wake someone up to something to become or make them aware of (a fact, circumstance or situation, etc).
wake, waken, awake, awaken
These four verbs are virtually synonymous, with wake the most commonly used. All can be used with or without an object; all can be used both in the literal sense 'to rouse from sleep' and in the figurative sense 'to arouse or provoke (feelings)'. The only difference between them is that awake and awaken are never followed by up.
wake2 noun a trail of disturbed water left by a ship, or of disturbed air left by an aircraft. in one's wake wherever one has been. in the wake of someone or something coming after them; resulting from them.
ETYMOLOGY: 16c: from Norse vök a hole or channel in the ice.
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